How Transportation In Ghana Began

  1. In the olden days, there were no buses, cars or lorries. People had to walk long distances to reach their destination. Some were ambushed by wild animals and others were attacked by criminals and armed robbers. Other people also travelled by canoes and rafts on the sea. Some got drowned. The prominent and rich people travelled on horses.


Later, automobiles were invented. In the early days, the major means of transport was Fast I a wooden truck. Suck trucks were nicknamed by students as “boneshaker”. The usual fare charged for such short distances was three pesewas (3p). This three pesewascoin was called “tro”. So the name “trotro” was derived and given to these trucks. Later bigger buses came into operation and was managed by the Omnibus Service Authority.


Train transport became available. There were railway lines from Takoradi to Kumasi another from Kumasi to Accra. Lastly, there was the central railway line that passed through places like Oda, Nkawkaw, Assin Fosu and Nsawam. There were other trains that carried minerals like bauxite and manganese. Timber and Cocoa were also transported. Students in those days travelled on trains on reduced prices. They were asked to pay one-third of the fare.


The Ghana Airways Corporation operated areoplanes . There was a popular VC10 aircraft which flew passengers to Europe and the United States of America (USA). The planes also flew to countries in Africa with the exception of South Africa. This was because they were practising a policy of discrimination called “Apartheid”. The minority Whites were maltreating the majority Blacks.


Ghana also had a shipping line called the Black Star line. These ships carried timber, cocoa, bauxite, manganese etc to ports in Europe, USA and some African harbours. Ghana has two harbours namely Tema harbour and Takoradi harbour. People who wanted to travel in these ships but had no money were called “Stowaways”. It is a crime to do that in Ghana. Our Ghana Airways Corporation and the Black Star line are all more. We’ve sold them to the Whites. We must do all we can to bring them back.

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